British composer, percussionist, and conductor, born 27 May 1953 in Barton on Sea.
James Wood studied composition with Nadia Boulanger in Paris from 1971 to 1972, before undertaking studies of the organ at Cambridge University until 1975. He went on to study conducting and percussion at the Royal Academy of Music in London from 1975 to 1976.
He directed the Oxford Schola Cantorum from 1977 to 1981. In 1981, he founded the New London Chamber Choir, which he conducted for 26 years and with which he produced numerous recordings of contemporary and renaissance works. He taught percussion in Darmstadt from 1982 to 1994, and established the London Centre for Microtonal Music and Critical Band Ensemble, which he conducted from 1990 to 1994.
He has worked with numerous ensembles as a conductor, notably Musikfabrik, London Sinfonietta, the Ensemble intercontemporain, and Champ d’Action. He has also conducted various choirs, such as the RIAS Kammerchor, the Netherlands Chamber Choir, Cappella Amsterdam, Latvian Radio Choir, Helsinki Chamber Choir, Collegium Vocale Ghent, and Vocalconsort Berlin, in performances of repertoire ranging from the 15th century to contemporary music.
In 2002, he led the Netherlands Radio Choir at the Concertgebouw in Amsterdam for the world premiere of Stockhausen’s Engel-Prozessionen. In 2011, he performed this work again with Cappella Amsterdam and the Estonian Philharmonic Chamber Choir, as part of the Cologne Opera’s world premiere of the staged version of Sonntag aus Licht.
As a composer, James Wood has written varied styles of music, especially for percussion instruments. He has twice been commissioned by the BBC Proms: Oreion (1989) for large orchestra, and Two men meet, each presuming the other to be from a distant planet, a concerto for percussion and 24 instruments (1995).
He is also interested in the construction of new instruments and, from the mid-1990s onwards, in working with electronics. A commission by IRCAM in 1996 led to the composition of Mountain Language for alphorn, cowbells, MIDI keyboard, and electronics. This was the first in a series of works with electronics, which includes Séance (1996) for solo soprano, MIDI vibraphone, choir, and electronics; Jôdo (1998-1999), a work of theatrical music for percussion, soprano, and electronics; and Autumn Voices (2001) for violin and electronics.
His first opera, Hildegard (2002-2006), commissioned by the New London Chamber Choir and Champ d’Action, with a libretto comprising a patchwork of texts and letters written by Hildegard von Bingen and other medieval and biblical writings, was conceived for performance in an abbey or cathedral; the work has been performed in the United Kingdom, the Netherlands and Belgium. His second opera, Gulliver (2011-2014), with a libretto by Paul Griffiths and commissioned by Insomnio Ensemble and the Eduard Van Beinum Foundation, is based on Jonathan Swift’s novel, Gulliver’s Travels. While working on this opera, he also composed several new works for percussion, including Cloud-Polyphonies, a work of some 35 minute duration for percussion ensemble, commissioned by a consortium of American universities.
From 2008 to 2011, he reconstructed the two missing voices from Cantiones Sacrae Liber Secundus (1603) by Carlo Gesualdo. This led to a recording of the complete Liber Secundus by the Berlin Vocalconsort. Distributed by Harmonia Mundi in 2013, the CD received the ECHO Klassik prize in the “Choir Recording of the Year” category.
James Wood was awarded the Lili Boulanger Memorial Prize in 1979, a Gemini Fellowship for composition in 1993, an Arts Foundation Fellowship for electro-acoustic composition in 1996, and the Holst Foundation Prize in 1996.
© Ircam-Centre Pompidou, 2016
Site de James Wood : http://www.choroi.net/ (lien vérifié en juin 2016).
- Solo (excluding voice)
- Rogosanti for solo percussion (1986), 10 mn
- Elanga N'Kake singing to his craft for a solo percussionist / vocalist (1993), 15 mn
- Children at a funeral for prepared piano (1996), 8 mn
- Shrine of Stored Incense for solo percussion (1997), 10 mn
- elec The Priest of Shiga Temple for marimba and electronics (1999), 9 mn
- elec Autumn Voices for violin and electronics (2001), 15 mn
- Secret Dialogues for solo marimba (2014), 12 mn 30 s
- Chamber music
- String Quartet (1984), 21 mn
- Barong for two pianos and two percussions (1985), 18 mn
- Marsyapollonomachia for oboe and percussion (1987), 15 mn
- Village Burial with Fire for percussion quartet (1989), 13 mn
- Cart-wheels for bass clarinet and percussion (1993), 13 mn
- elec ircam Mountain Language for alphorn, cow bells, midi keyboard and electronics (1998), 25 mn, édition du compositeur [program note]
- Crying bird, echoing star for five instruments (2002), 15 mn
- Cloud-Polyphonies for percussion sextet (2011), 35 mn
- Sea Dances for percussion trio (2012), 22 mn
- Sei Canti for four (or two) soprano saxophones (2016), 22 mn
- Instrumental ensemble music
- Concertant music
- elec Stoicheia for two percussionists, two percussion ensembles, four keyboards and electronics (1987-1988), 1 h 5 mn
- Spirit Festival with Lamentations for quarter-tone marimba and percussion quartet (1992), 23 mn
- Venancio Mbande talking with the trees for quarter-tone marimba and fifteen instruments (1993-1994), 18 mn
- Two men meet, each presuming the other to be from a distant planet for a percussionist and twenty-four instruments (1995), 22 mn
- Déploration sur la mort de Gérard Grisey for marimba and string quartet (2000), between 17 mn and 18 mn
- Vocal music and instrument(s)
- Missa: In Memoriam Lili Boulanger for solo soprano, choir, four trumpets, four trombones and organ (1975-1976), 30 mn
- Two Motets to Verses from the Prophet Isaiah for soprano, flute, oboe, viola and harp (1981), 11 mn
- elec Choroi kai Thaliai for soprano, percussion and tape (1982), 24 mn
- Ho shang Yao for soprano and percussion (1983), 23 mn
- T'ien chung Yao for soprano, cymbalum and two percussionists (1985), 19 mn
- Phaedrus for baritone, percussion, choir, wind ensemble and percussion ensemble (1985-1986), 33 mn
- Phianomena for eighteen voices, seventeen instruments and tape (1991-1992), 23 mn
- elec Séance for solo soprano, MIDI vibraphone, choir and live electronics (1996), 40 mn
- elec Jôdo for soprano, percussion and electronics (1998), 40 mn
- Tongues of Fire for choir and percussion quartet (2014, 2001), 20 mn about
- elec stage Hildegard for soprano, baritone, choir, ensemble and electronics (2002-2006), 2 h
- Le Petit Bossu musical theater for narrator and percussion trio (2007), 40 mn
- stage Gulliver opera in four acts, for baritone, vocal sextet and ensemble of fifteen instruments (2011-2014), 1 h 35 mn
- Lamentations for twelve voices, two clarinets, viola da gamba and accordion (2015), 35 mn
- Khamush for mixed choir, piano and percussion quartet (2016), 32 mn
- A cappella vocal music
- Drama for six solo voices (1983), 15 mn
- elec Usas for soprano, mezzo-soprano, tenor, bass, tape and live electronics (1986), 12 mn
- Incantamenta for twenty-four solo voices (1991), 17 mn
- elec The Great Imperial Concubine for soprano and electronics (1999), 9 mn
- Sufirafire for soprano, mezzo-soprano and viola (2015), 8 mn
- Sea Dances for percussion trio, 22 mn
- Cloud-Polyphonies for percussion sextet, 35 mn
- elec stage Hildegard for soprano, baritone, choir, ensemble and electronics, 2 h
- Crying bird, echoing star for five instruments, 15 mn
- Shrine of Stored Incense for solo percussion, 10 mn
- The Parliament of Angels for eighteen musicians, 20 mn
- Two men meet, each presuming the other to be from a distant planet for a percussionist and twenty-four instruments, 22 mn
- Venancio Mbande talking with the trees for quarter-tone marimba and fifteen instruments, 18 mn
- Incantamenta for twenty-four solo voices, 17 mn
- elec Stoicheia for two percussionists, two percussion ensembles, four keyboards and electronics, 1 h 5 mn
- Marsyapollonomachia for oboe and percussion, 15 mn
- String Quartet, 21 mn
- elec Choroi kai Thaliai for soprano, percussion and tape, 24 mn
- Two Motets to Verses from the Prophet Isaiah for soprano, flute, oboe, viola and harp, 11 mn
- Missa: In Memoriam Lili Boulanger for solo soprano, choir, four trumpets, four trombones and organ, 30 mn
- Paul GRIFFITHS, « From Gulliver. Laputa: Scene 6 », Music & Literature, n° 7, 2015.
- Paul GRIFFITHS, « From Gulliver. Lilliput: Scene 1-2 », Music & Literature, n° 7, 2015.
- Paul GRIFFITHS, James WOOD, « The Making of Gulliver », Music & Literature, n° 7, 2015.
- James WOOD, « Gulliver: The Origins of a Collaboration », Music & Literature, n° 7, 2015.
- James WOOD, « Rhythm and Magie » dans Conversations (John Palmer), Chipping Norton (Oxfordshire), Vision Edition, 2015, p. 246-272.
- James WOOD, Gesualdo: Sacrae Cantiones II: a analysis towards reconstruction, Chipping Norton (Oxfordshire), Vision Edition, 2010.
- James WOOD, « A New System for Quarter-Tone Percussion », Percussive Notes, vol. xxv/3, 1987, p. 61–65.
- James WOOD, « Microtonality: Aesthetics and Practicality », Musical Times, vol. cxxvii, 1986, p. 328–330.
- John WARNABY, « James Wood’s Stoicheia and Oreion », Tempo, n° 172, 1990, p. 20–25.
- James WOOD, Stoicheia, Steven Schick, James Wood, percusion, Clive Williamson, Paul Webster, Eleanor Alberga, Helen Crayford, claviers, Darmstadt Percussion Ensemble, Cornwall Percussion Ensemble, 1 cd Wergo, 1991, WER 6194-2.
- James WOOD, Songs by the River, works for percussion and voices : Choroi kai Thaliai ; Ho shang Yao ; Rogosanti ; Incantamenta, Sara Stowe, soprano, James Wood, percussion, New London Chamber Choir, James Wood, direction, 1 cd Continuum, 1991, CCD 1037.
- James WOOD, Village Burial with Fire ; Spirit Festival with Lamentations, Robert Van Sice, marimba, Percussive Rotterdam, 1 cd Mode Records, 1996, Mode 51.
- James WOOD, Two men meet, each presuming the other to be from a distant planet ; Phainomena ; Venancio Mbande talking with the trees, Kuniko Kato, marimba, Steven Schick, percussion, New London Chamber Choir, Critical Band, James Wood, direction, 1cd NMC Recordings, 1994, NMC D044.
- James WOOD, Crying bird, echoing star, avec des œuvres de Gordon McPherson, Edward Dudley Hughes, Rowland Sutherland et Rolf Hind ; New Music Players, 1 cd London Independent Records, 2003, LIR003.
- James WOOD, Rogosanti, avec des œuvres de Steve Reich, Svet Stoyanov, Alejandro Viñao, Eric Sammut, Paul Lansky, Thierry De Mey ; Svet Stoyanov, percussion, 1 cd CAG Records, 2009, cag-103.
- James WOOD, De telarum mechanicae avec des œuvres de Jukka Tiensuu, Roderik de Man, Luca Francesconi ; Insomnio, Ulrich Pöhl, direction, 1 cd Encora, 2011, enc-011.
- Carlo GESUALDO, Sacrae Cantiones (1603), Liber secundus, reconstructed by James Wood ; Vocalconsort Berlin, James Wood, direction, 1 cd Harmonia Mundi, 2013, HMC 902123.
- http://www.choroi.net/ (lien vérifié en juin 2016)